Quality Water Filters 4 You Posting Page
Tuesday, March 28, 2017
For much of human history, populations have periodically been culled ruthlessly by epidemics of cholera. One of the worst swear words in Polish used to be ‘kolera’. This is a devastating disease that can kill in literally hours if untreated, and it is now making a resurgence throughout the world after some years of relative quiescence.
What Is Cholera?
Cholera is a disease of the large intestine caused by a bacterium, Vibrio cholera. It is passed along by food or water that has been contaminated by infected fecal matter. When one is infected with the bacterium, within hours extreme diarrhea can begin. Perhaps only 5% of those who pick up the ‘cholera bug’ become extremely ill, but without treatment death can occur quickly from dehydration.
While cholera is basically unknown in the North America and Western Europe, it is still endemic in many parts of the undeveloped world. India, parts of Africa, Hispaniola, and some countries in Southeast Asia all record cases of cholera each year. In fact, over half a million cases of cholera were reported in 2011, accompanied by thousands of deaths.
Cholera also became an issue in South America when Peru experienced an outbreak back in 1991, and underscored the lack of sanitation in countries fairly close to home. Cholera spread from Peru to nearly every country in South America, with over 1 million people affected and resulting in almost 10,000 deaths.
Although cholera is a horrific disease, it is quite easy to treat, and usually oral rehydration is all that is needed to cure the patient. Intravenous rehydration may be necessary in some cases and antibiotics can be used as a backup.
Safe Travelling in the Third World
by: Chris Tracey